In 1649, Maryland passed the Maryland Toleration Act, the first law in the New World designed to encourage religious tolerance. Interestingly, although the Maryland Colony was ostensibly founded as a refuge for Catholics, only 17 of the original settlers were Catholic. The recorded history of Maryland dates back to the beginning of European exploration, starting with the Venetian John Cabot, who explored the coast of North America for the Kingdom of England in 1498. Livestock was also commonly raised in the Maryland Colony. Maryland … In England, Catholics faced widespread discrimination; for example, they were not allowed to hold public office, and in 1666 they were blamed for the Great Fire of London. The Maryland Colony's first settlement was St. Mary's City, which was built along the Chesapeake Bay. Although the settlers in the Maryland Colony grew a variety of crops, the major export was tobacco. William Nuthead started the first printing business in St. Mary’s City in 1685. Plantations in the Maryland Colony were dominated by tobacco, and as prices dropped the plantation owners grew to rely heavily on slaves to maximize profits. Fast Facts: Maryland Colony . There are 703 square miles of inland water in Maryland. In 1632, he received a charter from King Charles I to found a colony east of the Potomac River. The original Maryland Colony encompassed a lot more land than it does today as the state of Maryland. Maryland was named after Queen Henrietta Maria of England.  Maryland's founding father was British colonist George Calvert, known as First Baron Baltimore. 12 Things You Probably Didn’t Know About The State Of Maryland. Maryland developed into a plantation colony by the 18th century. Maryland Colony Facts: Pre-Revolution. To know more about these, here are some interesting facts about Maryland. So you think you’re a trivia buff? In 1700 there were about 25,000 people and by 1750 that had grown more than 5 times to 130,000. Everyone who lived in Maryland was from England, so they spoke English. By 1755, about 40% of Maryland’s population was black. One of the original 13 colonies, Maryland lies at the center of the Eastern Seaboard, amid the great commercial and population complex that stretches from Maine to Virginia. The Province of Maryland—also known as the Maryland Colony—was founded in 1632 as a safe haven for English Catholics fleeing anti-Catholic persecution in Europe. The climate in the Maryland Colony was much warmer than in the New England and Middle Colonies. The state’s capital is Annapolis. Plantations often included everything they required to be self-sufficient including the main house, slave quarters, a laundry house, smokehouse, a dairy, a blacksmith's shop and several barns. Some men were hunters, traders, slave traders, and fur traders. Calvert died before the land could be settled, and the establishing of the colony fell to his son Cecil, Second Baron Baltimore. The Maryland Colony was founded in 1632 after its charter was approved by King Charles I. Nicknames given to Maryland over the years include the Free State, and the Old Line State. Like other settlements in the New World, the Maryland Colony was established as a religious refuge. That same year, Lord Baltimore died, and the charter was given to his son, Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore. The rest were Protestant indentured servants. With reference to the countryside around the bay, Smith exclaimed, “Heaven and earth seemed never to have agreed better to frame a place for man’s habitation.” What Happened to the Lost Colony of Roanoke? The Province of Maryland—also known as the Maryland Colony—was founded in 1632 as a safe haven for English Catholics fleeing anti-Catholic persecution in Europe.  The Maryland Colony was one of America's first original 13 colonies. Charles I, for his part, was to be given a share of the income that the new colony created. A historical marker for the Mason–Dixon Line. How much do you know about the Old Line State? In 1632, King Charles I of England granted a charter to George Calvert, the first Lord Baltimore, yielding him proprietary rights to a region east of the Potomac River in exchange for a share of the income derived from the land. They became heavily involved in the cultivation of tobacco, which was their primary cash crop along with wheat and corn. Maryland was a proprietary colony, meaning that a proprietor—and individual who was granted the land from England—ruled the colony. Maryland - Maryland - The colony: In 1608 the English explorer Capt. Economy There were lots of crops in Maryland that were successful because of the good weather and soil. Many men of Maryland Colony are farmers and mostly they plant tobbaco. Since their main reason of establishing the colony was for freedom to practice Catholicism, their religion was predominantly Catholic. The new colony was named Maryland in honor of Henrietta Maria, the queen consort of Charles I. George Calvert had previously been involved in a settlement in Newfoundland but, finding the land inhospitable, hoped this new colony would be a financial success. The colony of Maryland was founded by Sir George Calvert, also known as Lord Baltimore, in 1632. Over the next 15 years, the number of Protestant settlers steadily increased, and there was fear that religious liberty would be taken away from the Catholic population. 1695 - Annapolis is made the capital city. In 1700 there were about 25,000 people and by 1750 that had grown more than 5 times to 130,000. Maryland (nicknamed: Cockade State, Free State, Monumental State, Old Line State, Terrapin State) has 24 counties. However, this act was repealed in 1654 when outright conflict occurred and the Puritans took control of the colony. Multiple categories are supported. George and Cecil were the only Roman Catholics in the British Empire's history to be given a colony. Check out this list full of things you may not have known about the state of Maryland. Interesting Maryland Colony Facts: The Maryland Colony’s original name was the Province of Maryland. It is ranked as the 42nd largest state in U.S. Following the Protestant Reformation, Europe experienced a series of religious wars in the 16th and 17th centuries. The colony was established by Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore (also known as Lord Baltimore), who also governed the Colony of Newfoundland and the Province of Avalon. Some were shipbuilders, fishermen, lumbering, shipping, and slave buyers. Maryland's capital city is Annapolis, and its largest city is Baltimore. Maryland was the first state to designate a state exercise: walking. Maryland planters also made great use of the indentured servants and penal labor. Even if you consider yourself to be an expert on Baltimore, you can impress your friends and family with these little-known facts about Charm City. In this video you can find seven little known facts about Maryland. What are facts about Maryland colony? But other farmers planted corn, indigo plants, and rice. The first settlers of the Maryland Colony included a mix of about 200 Catholics and Protestants who had been promised land grants; they arrived on the ships the Ark and the Dove. Their cash crop was tobacco, but they did grow many other crops, such as … She lives in Baltimore, Maryland. People who live in MD or who come from Maryland are referred to as Marylanders. It originally covered approximately 12 million acres. Updated 10/02/19. The early settlements in the Maryland Colony often clustered around its rivers and waterways, in particular those that emptied into Chesapeake Bay. Naval Academy is located in Annapolis, Maryland. Major cities in the Maryland Colony included Baltimore and Annapolis. The first Lord Baltimore, a proud Catholic, envisioned the Maryland Colony as a place where English people would have religious freedom. Colony Named for: Queen Henrietta Maria of England Became a … The Maryland Colony was classified as … 1632 - The royal charter for the colony of Maryland is granted to George Calvert. In 1776 the Maryland Colony signed the Declaration of Independence. Maryland Colony Facts. Francis Scott Key wrote a poem and it is now 'The Star Spangled Banner', Maryland is only about 1 mile wide; it is the narrowest state in the United States. The 13 Colonies of America. In the colonial era, children went to school, as they do now, to learn key skills in the core academic areas of … State abbreviation/Postal code: Md./MD Nicknames: Free State; Old Line State Origin of name: In honor of Henrietta Maria (queen of Charles I of England) Motto: "Fatti maschii, parole femine" (Manly deeds, womanly words) State symbols: Bird: Baltimore oriole (1947) Cat: Calico (2001) Crustacean: Blue crab (1989) Dinosaur: Astrodon (1998) Dog: Chesapeake Bay Retriever (1964) Fish: Rock fish (1965) Game species: Eastern gra… Facts about The Colony Of Maryland Cecil Calvert, 2nd Lord of Baltimore, founded Maryland in 1632. 1634 - Leonard Calvert led English settlers to the new colony and founded the city of St. Mary's. The Maryland Colony was founded by Cecil Calvert, Lord Baltimore and others in 1633 at Baltimore. She was the first female licensed as a printer in the colonies. Maryland is one of the smallest states in the United States, covering only 12,407 sq miles. Major industry in the Maryland Colony included agriculture, iron works, shipbuilding and other manufacturing. He is the author of "The Everything American Presidents Book" and "Colonial Life: Government.". 1664 - A law is passed allowing slavery in Maryland. This made it easier to grow crops year round but the warmer temperatures made it easier for disease to spread. Share Pin Email Greg Pease / Getty Images. Martin Kelly, M.A., is a history teacher and curriculum developer. De Kolonie van Maryland werd opgericht in 1632 na zijn handvest door koning Charles I. werd goedgekeurd Het was een eigen kolonie van Cecil Calvert, de tweede Lord Baltimore. The Most Important Inventions of the Industrial Revolution. The Maryland Colony Background. The Maryland Colony was named after King Charles I's wife Queen Henrietta Maria. The Maryland Colony was one of America's first original 13 colonies. The 13 original colonies were divided into three regions which included the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. Maryland Colony. We're betting at this place at this time we will have people ready for a change in the colony of maryland ~ Bob ehrlich Sir George Calvert, whose title was Lord Baltimore, was a Roman Catholic nobleman. The Maryland Colony was founded as a refuge for English Catholics. The first colonists to Maryland arrive at St. Clements Island on Marylands western shore and found the settlement of St. Marys. Lord Baltimore actually lost his proprietary rights and it was some time before his family was able to regain control of Maryland. It was a proprietary colony of Cecil Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore. Fun Facts. Maryland developed into a plantation colony by the 18th century. Sir Anthony Van Dyck's painting of King Charles I and Queen Henrietta Maria. The Act of Toleration was passed in 1649 by Governor William Stone to protect those who believed in Jesus Christ. It was the first settlement in the New World to guarantee religious freedom for all Trinitarian Christians. Finding the laws against the Roman Catholics in England severe, he resolved Anti-Catholic actions occurred in the colony all the way up until the 18th century. Tripsavvy's Editorial Guidelines. Although it was created as a haven for English Catholics, many of the original settlers were Protestants. The Lords Baltimore: Establishing Religious Freedom, The Founding of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, The Founding of North Carolina Colony and Its Role in the Revolution, Colonial Governments of the Original 13 Colonies. Maryland's northern border was established after a legal dispute which resulted in the Mason-Dixon Line in 1763. Maryland's signers included Samuel Chase, William Paca, Charles Carroll, and Thomas Stone. The original 13 colonies were divided into three geographic areas consisting of the New England, Middle and Southern colonies. Libby Zay. Keep watching and subscribe, as more states will follow! The idea for an English colony along the Chesapeake Bay where Catholics could live and worship in peace came from George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore. 1729 - The city of Baltimore is founded. The Maryland Colony's original name was the Province of Maryland. The U.S. The Maryland Colony was founded by Cecil Calvert, Lord Baltimore and others in 1633 at Baltimore. The founding of Maryland marks the beginning of a new plan in colony building in North America. The Maryland Colony was founded as a refuge for English Catholics. The Maryland Colony was one of the original 13 colonies located on the Atlantic coast of North America. Maryland . Some parts of daily life were remarkably different, such as the clothing Maryland citizens wore and their modes of commuting and transportation. Yet Maryland has become a recognized national leader in the fight against urban decay and sprawl. … The Maryland Colony was named after King Charles I’s wife Queen Henrietta Maria. Before settlement began, George Calvert died and was succeeded by hi… The Province of Maryland was an English and later British colony in North America that existed from 1632 until 1776, when it joined the other twelve of the Thirteen Colonies in rebellion against Great Britain and became the U.S. state of Maryland. Maryland's Chesapeake Bay has 1,726 square miles of water. He also wished to found the colony for economic gain. The territory was named Maryland in honor of Henrietta Maria, the queen consort of Charles I. The colony was established by Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore (also known as Lord Baltimore), who also governed the Colony of Newfoundland and the Province of Avalon. The Maryland Colony was one of the Southern Colonies which also included the Virginia Colony, the North Colony, the South Carolina Colony, and the Georgia Colony. It is approximately half that today. By 1755, about 40% of Maryland's population was black. Have you ever played a game of ''tug of war?'' The Maryland Colony was the last of the 13 colonies to ratify the Articles of Confederation, which it did in 1781. The settlers arrived at St. Clement's Island on March 25, 1634, and founded St. Mary's City. Famous Facts About Maryland. Cecil's father, George Calvert, had received a royal charter for the land from King Charles I. The Maryland Colony was the last of the 13 colonies to ratify the Articles of Confederation, which it did in 1781. Interesting Facts. The tentative experiments of Gilbert and Raleigh had for their object mainly the establishing of trading posts, from which a search for gold and for a northwest passage to the Indies might be carried on. The Maryland Colony became a state on April 28. Maryland planters also made extensive use of indentured servants and penal labor. There are only eight other states in the USA that are smaller than Maryland. Here are some facts about Maryland: Maryland has 9,874 square miles of land area. John Smith sailed into Chesapeake Bay and stayed for several weeks to map the shoreline. Natural resources in the Maryland Colony included forests, fish, and good farming land. Can you name them? Its first settlement and capital was St. Mary's City, in the southern end of St. Mary's County, which is a peninsula in the Chesapeake Bay and is also bordered by four tidal … We’re aware that … The first governor of the colony was Cecil Calvert's brother, Leonard. Maryland is named after a queen […] Even though Maryland is a small state it has great skiing resorts AND beach resorts. George Calvert had been stripped of his title as Secretary of State in 1625 when he declared his Catholicism. You have two groups of people who are both pulling on a rope, trying to pull the other side into a … However, with an influx of Catholics into Baltimore, laws were once again created to help protect against religious persecution. Maryland Colony Facts. Interesting Maryland Facts: One belief is that Maryland's name was chosen to honor King Charles I's wife Queen Henrietta Maria. Yet despite of its small size, Maryland leads in other areas. Although the charter had been originally issued to George Calvert, 1. Maryland - Maryland - Cultural life: Maryland has its share of such nationwide phenomena as the decay of cities, little restraint on commercial development in some suburban and rural areas, and loss of local cultural distinctiveness. Founded: 1633 by Lord Baltimore and others, at Baltimore Major Industry: Manufacturing (shipbuilding, iron works), Agriculture (corn, wheat, rice, indigo) Major Cities: Baltimore, Annapolis. (13 Colonies > Maryland Colony ) This generator generates a random fact from a large database on a chosen topic everytime you visit this page. The 13 original colonies were divided into three regions which included the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. When he died, his wife Diana inherited the business. Parts of the original Maryland Colony eventually became other states as Maryland ceded land that became part of Pennsylvania, and the District of Columbia. The other belief is that the name was chosen in honor of Jesus Christ's mother Mary. Plantations grew tobacco, cotton, corn, vegetables, grains, and fruit. Maryland is bordered by four other states in the USA. The National Aquarium is located in Baltimore, Maryland.
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