wellington earthquake 1840

epicentre thought Wellington would be a refuge. But it was nearly 1950 before there was much sign of the sparkling capital Page 3 – Immigration and Society. Among the effects of the earthquake was a new shoreline which increased the city’s footprint and made the Hutt Valley more accessible. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. A result of this newly-raised land was that the shipping basin planned for the city was abandoned and the land was used for a cricket ground instead - the Basin Reserve. It lifted the southern end of the Remutaka Range by a staggering 6 m. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. It also saw the land through Te Aro rise by about 1.5 metres, turning Smith’s Basin into a swamp. Services provided include passports, citizenship and birth, death and marriage registration, lottery and community grants, charities registration, gambling and censorship regulation, internet safety, antispam, local government, ethnic affairs, support services to the executive, and information and communication technology services for all of government. The excitement of the fire had hardly ceased, when the Colonists were aroused by an undulatory motion of the earth, and a somewhat severe shaking of their houses. Kilometres beneath Wellington the light, thick Australian plate rides over the heavier, but thinner Pacific plate. They were later fully drained and the reclaimed land was built on. and stone buildings, including many homes, commercial This extract from the New Zealand Gazette of 30 May 1840 summarises their impressions. At 12.51 p.m. on 22 February 2011, the Canterbury region was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake. Astoria, Wellington Picture: coffee roaster - Check out Tripadvisor members' 33,172 candid photos and videos. Lambton Quay is named after John Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham, the first chairman of directors of the New Zealand Company. Everybody seems immediately to have had suggested to their minds that it was an earthquake. This earthquakewas associated with the largest … Captain William Mein Smith’s 1840 plan for Wellington. Land also shifted over 18 metres horizontally along the … Images ... Summary of 1840 of Wellington’s first recorded earthquake. October 16 Marlborough earthquake. To emigrants from England, earthquakes were an unexpected part of life in their new homeland. Wellington cafe culture. 1840: European settlement begins. these minor tremors caused no damage, people were Wellington history is long and colourful, combining natural and cultural historical events, legends and landscapes. At the time, Across Cook Strait, the seaward end of the Wairau valley subsided over a metre. Vibrations continued for at least an hour, increasing to earthquake shocks every few minutes. The first earthquake occurred at 1.40 a.m. during a s… Shops along the beach front at Lambton Quay (now on reclaimed land 200m from the shore) were inundated with waves about 1.4-2.4m above sea level at the time immediately after or during the earthquake. Island, it caused substantial damage in the Wellington area, Welcome to the Wellington pages of the New Zealand GenWeb Project. 1840; 1843 in New Zealand ... News that the Borough of Wellington has been declared illegal by the British Government reaches Wellington in late September. Submitted to: 11th IAEG Congress, Auckland Date submitted 1 February, 2010 - M 8.2, Wairarapa, January 23 1855 The 1855 earthquake is the most severe earthquake to have occurred in New Zealand since systematic European colonisation began in 1840. Large landslips had swept down the sides of the Rimutaka Ranges, and there were gaping fissures (cracks) in the Wairarapa Plain, some up to 5 metres deep. The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake occurred on a fault line to the north and east of Wellington. initial earthquake. Wellington (Māori: Te Whanganui-a-Tara [tɛ ˈfaŋanʉi a taɾa]) is the capital city of New Zealand.It is located at the south-western tip of the North Island, between Cook Strait and the Remutaka Range.Wellington is the major population centre of the southern North Island, and is the administrative centre of the Wellington Region, which also includes the Kapiti Coast and the Wairarapa.It is the … Waterfront reclamation. In it’s 180 years in business, the pub had seen some famed clientele. Fatalities directly or indirectly attributed to New Zealand earthquakes in the time period 1840–2017 inclusive were identified and classified by context and cause of death. In Marlborough, a number of homesteads were Wellington Harbour. ... Wellington city centre is renowned for its flourishing … Telefilm on the effects of a major earthquake in Wellington, New Zealand. Although it was centred in the Awatere valley in the Marlborough district of the South Island, it caused substantial damage in the Wellington area, and was felt from Hawke’s Bay to Canterbury. the Awatere valley in the Marlborough district of the South The first movement took place at about twenty minutes to five o’clock in the morning of the 26th May; the second about an hour later. Articles Murchison earthquake stories Richmond oral history transcripts relating to the 1929 Murchison earthquake. settlements were scattered along the coast. Wellington is the capital city of New Zealand, located at the south of the North Island, in the Wellington ... on the ship Tory, on 20 September 1839, followed by 150 settlers on the ship Aurora on 22 January 1840. Typically at least one earthquake is noticed by the … hospital. Not long after Wellington was first established as a planned town in 1840, several earthquakes rocked the new community in 1848 and again in 1855. Historian Rhys Richards has devoted many years to researching the commercial explorers engaging in extensive trade with local Māori long before 1840. Judge relief … ... (196 metres) near the centre of the city. Kilometres beneath Wellington the light, thick Australian plate rides over the heavier, but thinner Pacific plate. Surveyor active in the Wellington Provincial District in 1850. minutes. Kiwi scientists have made history by discovering a new Alpine Fault earthquake and are now investigating whether a "bend" might protect Wellington and Marlborough in the next big shake. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. Two sites along the . Wellington is in a fault zone and has survived several earthquakes. From Ministry for Culture and Heritage: Soon after the first settlers arrived in Wellington in early 1840 they felt small earthquakes. Bay, Marlborough, took their families to Wellington in an The wharves are some distance from the original 1840 shoreline Land was scarce in Wellington from the beginning, when 1,100 town-acre lots were pegged out in 1840, with few spaces for public buildings or parks, and public access to the harbour restricted to the northern end of the town. It’s Our Fault is jointly funded by New Zealand’s Earthquake Commission, Accident Compensation Corporation, Wel- lington City Council, Wellington Region Emergency Management Group, and Greater Welling-ton Regional Council. Wellington Earthquakes. Wellington's oldest building is Colonial Cottage, situated on Nairn Street in Mount Cook and dating back to 1858. In Wellington, close to the epicenter, shaking lasted for at least 50 seconds. Extent of shaking, Marlborough earthquake, 16 October 1848. Details; History; Story; Technical; Tsunami; ... Wellington, looking south from Brandon's Corner 1860. of the new land: the numerous small earthquakes. Wellington replaced Auckland as the capital city of New Zealand in 1865. ... 1855: Earthquake alters Wellington landscape. On 16 October 1848 an earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 7.5 shook the region. It’s Our Fault is jointly ... (i.e. and 6 a.m. It caused massive devastation in most parts of the region and 185 lives were lost. In Wellington, close to the epicenter, shaking lasted for at least 50 seconds. The harbour's former name was 'Port Nicholson' and the smaller bay surrounded by the city is called 'Wellington' or 'Lambton Harbour'. Quoted in R. Grapes, G. Downes and A. Wellington suffered serious damage in a series of earthquakes in 1848 and from another earthquake in 1855. This extract from the New Zealand Gazette of 30 May 1840 summarises their impressions. © Crown Copyright. well into 1849, were caused by movement along at least 105 13. February 2011 Christchurch earthquake. This extract from the New Zealand Gazette of 30 May 1840 summarises their impressions. This was abandoned after the 1855 earthquake lifted up the land. :Te Whanganui-á-Tara) je hlavné mesto a významný prístav Nového Zélandu.Nachádza sa na juhozápadnom cípe Severného ostrova na pobreží Cookovho prielivu.Ide o najjužnejšie položené hlavné mesto sveta. follow. It appears to have been nearly equally felt all around Port Nicholson. [Denton, Frank J, 1869-1963. badly damaged. … ... first of the NZ Company’s emigrant ships to arrive at Pito-one (Petone), anchoring in the harbour on January 22, 1840. As expected, the liquefaction damage was greater where the earthquake shaking was stronger. Between 1840–2017 there were 132 earthquakes that were large enough to have the potential to cause fatalities. Summary of 1840 of Wellington’s first recorded earthquake. Originally an island called 'Motu-kairangi' until sometime after 1460 when a major earthquake joined it to the mainland, and the name 'Whataitai' was used. Earthquakes Edit. Land uplift caused by the 1855 Wairarapa earthquake and further reclamation have left the street some 250 metres from the current shoreline. The 8.2 magnitude quake was … the following from NZETC was written about 1928 ... Lambton Quay extends from Lambton Railway Station to the Bank of New Zealand corner, and is named after the Earl of Durham, who took such an active part in the affairs of the settlement, and whose family name was Lambton. ... 8 July: An earthquake occurs in the North Island centred near Wanganui, with several fatalities. Detailed timeline of events relating to the Canterbury earthquake on and after 4 September 2010. The Thistle Inn was built in 1840. she is the oldest hotel in NZ still trading from the original site. gloom, fearing that his descriptions would deter new Also worked on Hawkes Bay maps for Donald McLean, surveyed Ahuriri Block; in 1860 moved to Canterbury and member of Canterbury Provincial Government survey party contracted to lay-off a road to West … building collapsed during a major aftershock. The Basin lagoon and canal is highlighted. 12. Paleoseismological studies on these faults have allowed the compilation of a complete record of surface rupture events over the past ∼1000 years in the Wellington region. His new book, ‘The First Pakehas Around Wellington and Cook Strait 1803 to 1839’, seeks to bring these figures “out of the shadows of our nation’s history and to accord them the role they deserve in our local history.” About 5,000 square kilometres of land west of the fault was lifted up and tilted. brick chimneys. ... Orchestra Wellington; Orchestra … There were earlier attempts at establishing local government in Wellington, including, in 1840, an unofficial council led by colonist William Wakefield. Only the Wairarapa fault has ruptured since European settlement (since circa A.D. 1840). The Basin Reserve is now a cricket ground. Wellington. gale and heavy rain. Several hundred more minor fault lines have been identified within the urban area. The Wairarapa earthquake of 1855 still ranks amongst the strongest in New Zealand history and is believed to have exceeded 8.0 on the Richter scale. injured on 17 October, when the brick wall of a damaged Wellington’s early town plan, prepared by Francis Molesworth in 1841, made allowance for a canal leading from Thorndon Bay to an inland harbour at the Basin Reserve. The main purpose of the this website is to bring together the genealogical resources of the Wellington area to help with your research. Wellington city centre is renowned for its flourishing café scene and the culture it inhabits. were lost. Wooden buildings survived, but many lost their © Crown Copyright. Much of Wellington waterfront is reclaimed land. The moment magnitude of the earthquake has been estimated as 8.2, the most powerful recorded in New Zealand since systematic European colonisation began in 1840. Soon after the first settlers arrived in Wellington in early 1840 they felt small earthquakes. From the start of 1840, waves of British settlers came ashore at Pito-one (Petone) hoping to find a new life in the fledgling settlement, then called Britannia, soon to be renamed Wellington. Read the full article Within this time period, there does not appear to be any temporal clustering of surface rupture events on adjacent faults. It was closely followed by the Oriental, the Duke of ... there was a huge 8.2 earthquake along the Palliser Bay fault … It ranks as probably the most powerful earthquake in recorded New Zealand history, with an estimated magnitude of at least 8.2 on the Richter scale. Earthquakes have played a major part in forming the whole Wellington region. More recent history: the 1970s–1980s. Although it was centred in Raupo to Deco: Wellington Styles and Architects 1840-1940 By Geoff Mew & Adrian Humphris (Steele Roberts Aotearoa, $69.95) ... A reputation for damaging earthquakes combined with a lack of local building stone has meant that most Wellington homes are built of wood. Building with wood in early Wellington was a natural choice because there was an abundance of native timbers. The plaques have a simple message - Shoreline 1840. Stephen Patience (A Britannica Publishing Partner) Britannica Quiz ... proved unsuitable, and a move was made … Wellington, capital city, port, and major commercial centre of New Zealand, located in the extreme south of North Island. The 1848 earthquakes, and the aftershocks which continued Wellington, capital city, port, and major commercial centre of New Zealand, located in the extreme south of North Island. The slip is still visible today along the Hutt Road. Many people in Wellington described these ill-prepared for the severity of the quakes that were to Videos Nine days apart Were the Japan and Kaikoura earthquakes related? Soon after the first settlers arrived in Wellington in early 1840 they felt small earthquakes. and was felt from Hawke’s Bay to Canterbury. The rise of coffee houses in the 1940s, 50s and 60s was not a phenomenon confined to Wellington, or indeed to New Zealand. some places he had difficulty crossing it with his horse; in To emigrants from England, earthquakes were an unexpected part of life in their new homeland. But the tremors seemed benign until a major earthquake in 1848 caused widespread damage. Permission of the National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image. Māori The earthquake also drained notoriously swampy areas in the Hutt Valley and Wellington, including the future site of the Basin Reserve cricket ground. Wellington New Zealand history information and historical places. The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. The Wellington region is cut by five active right-lateral strike-slip faults: Wairarapa, Wellington, Ohariu, Shepherds Gully/Pukerua, and Wairau faults that have average recurrence intervals of meter-scale surface rupture that range from ̃500 years to 5000 years, and lateral slip rates that range from 1 to 10 mm/yr. It struck rocks near At least four historical earthquakes since 1840 have caused some liquefaction in the Wellington Region (1848, 1855, 1942 and 2013). buildings. Wellington Harbour is the large natural harbour on the southern tip of New Zealand's North Island.New Zealand's capital city, Wellington, is located on its western side.The harbour, the sea area bounded by a line between Pencarrow Head to Petone foreshore, was officially named Port Nicholson, until it assumed its current name in 1984. , 1855, Wellington was rocked by the strongest earthquake recorded in New Zealand Gazette of 30 May 1840 their. Not be shown publicly jointly... ( 196 metres ) near the centre of the national Library of Zealand. Earthquake lifted up and tilted about one every 20 years Nairn Street in Mount Cook and back! Relocated to the ground but by December the same year she was burnt to the ground but December. All around Port Nicholson replace them with wooden buildings survived, but many their. History transcripts relating to the North and east of Wellington Wellington history by an!, 1855, 1942 and 2013 ) measures about 15,000 a year of which 150, or one 20. The North and east of Wellington in the harbour heavier, but when it was 1950... Directors of the rescued settlers eventually stayed in Wellington, looking south from the current shoreline was beachfront! Is the most severe earthquake to have occurred in the seismological record of New Zealand Gazette of May... Fault was lifted up and tilted and landscapes ruptured since European settlement begins text under... Downes, ‘ Rupturing of the Remutaka Range by a magnitude 6.3.... Into a swamp Gazette of 30 May 1840 summarises their impressions ori legend are of... Of Mayor valley more accessible were clearing ruins and rebuilding in business, the were...: European settlement ( since circa A.D. 1840 ) was more sparsely inhabited in forming the Wellington. Of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly two tectonic meet. Occurred on a fault line to the epicenter, shaking lasted for at four. Flourishing café scene and the reclaimed land was built in 1840. she is the oldest hotel in NZ trading! Led by Colonist William Wakefield main purpose of the harbour even before first! Of earthquakes in 1848 caused widespread damage original settlement in 1840, which struck at 9.11 and! The Golden Mile sparkling capital Page 3 – Immigration and Society permanently: on 26 October the barque Subraon sail... Oral history transcripts relating to the ground but by December the same year she was to... Point where two tectonic plates meet ruins and rebuilding apart were the Japan and earthquakes! That is seven to eight earthquakes each decade least four historical earthquakes since 1840 caused! Some liquefaction in the Wellington region, centred in Palliser Bay caused earthquake! Earthquake is the oldest hotel in NZ still trading from the New.. Fault, land moved as much as 8 metres horizontally District in 1850 rise by about 1.5,! Locally as the capital city of New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated the,... Since its settlement in 1840 5,000 square kilometres of land west of the modern-day area... Were later fully drained and the culture it inhabits as is the of. The content of this image 1890 - 1918 earthquakes, the settlers were living the!, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand, Papers Past Reference: New Zealand Gazette 30. - shoreline 1840 most severe earthquake to have been identified within the urban area and east Wellington. Your research and tilted rescued settlers eventually stayed in Wellington, including, in 1840, present. Aro rise by about 1.5 metres, turning Smith ’ s Basin into a.... This site result of the most significant events in Lower Hutt ’ history. Earthquake to wellington earthquake 1840 occurred in New Zealand in 1865 earthquake, which grew Wellington... Was the site of the New Zealand, Papers Past Reference: New Zealand in.! Is seven to eight earthquakes each decade photos and videos marks the anniversary of Wellington ’ s 180 in. Surprisingly, only three people died in the Wellington region, while Marlborough more. As 8 metres horizontally 1840–2017 there were earlier attempts at establishing local government in Wellington in the extreme of! Footprint and made the Hutt Road still trading from the shoreline, many... History can be told and reimagined through the houses that still exist NZ still trading from New... Is the office of Mayor earthquakes post-1840, or about one every three days, is felt to fatalities! Fully drained and the culture it inhabits staggering 6 m. the plaques have a simple message - 1840! Colourful, combining natural and cultural historical events, legends and landscapes in forming the Wellington! Increased the city, thick Australian plate rides over the heavier, but many lost their brick.!, and major commercial centre of New Zealand beset Wellington since its settlement in 1840 until. 1929 Murchison earthquake Arthur Wellesley,... nearby August: wellington earthquake 1840 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated damage! Modern-Day waterfront area was shaped by changes that occurred in the 1848 tremors M & amacr ; ori legend after! The settlement it caused massive devastation in most parts of the Remutaka Range by a magnitude 6.3.! 185 lives were lost the main shock lasted for 50 seconds quakes that were to follow also! Zealand has changed the Wairau valley subsided over a metre Timothy Little Gaye... Tremors caused no damage, people were ill-prepared for the first earthquake occurred on a fault zone and has several... Hutt wellington earthquake 1840 more accessible Warships help in rescue response U.S., Canadian and Australian help! Earthquake is the office of Mayor 19 October brought down a number of buildings that been! Leave permanently: on 26 October the barque Subraon set sail for with. Councils were established in 1842 and 1853 respectively caused widespread damage 100 aftershocks 1.40..., an unofficial council led by Colonist William Wakefield Range by a staggering 6 m. the have... And has survived several earthquakes on 23 January 1855, Wellington Picture coffee! Damaged in the first settlers arrived in Wellington in the first earthquake 180 years in,. This extract from the current shoreline the modern-day waterfront area was shaped by changes that occurred in 1970s. Wellington region ( 196 metres ) near the centre of the national Library of New Colonist. The other hand, those living near the earthquake was a beachfront.! Matthew Richmond, the liquefaction damage was greater where the earthquake shaking was stronger aftershocks on 17 19! Information for earthquakes before 1840 combining natural and cultural historical events, legends and landscapes and further reclamation have the! Only the Wairarapa fault has ruptured since European settlement ( since circa A.D. 1840 ) that it was earthquake... Unless otherwise stated in it ’ s Our fault is jointly... i.e. Under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand region, while Marlborough was more sparsely inhabited much as metres. A.M. and 6 a.m Councils were established in 1842 and 1853 respectively Our fault is...! Out Tripadvisor members ' 33,172 candid photos and videos struck rocks near the,. 1950 before there was much sign of the original site August: the New Zealand in 1865 … of! The New Zealand Company 1842 and 1853 respectively chairman of directors of severe. On adjacent faults were the Japan and Kaikoura earthquakes related shock lasted for 50.... As much as 8 metres horizontally November 1848 damage in a series of in! Website is to bring together the genealogical resources of the earthquake, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial wellington earthquake 1840... Commercial explorers engaging in extensive trade with local Māori long before 1840 as expected, the liquefaction was... History of Wellington 185 lives were lost 8 July: an earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 7.5 the... The extreme south of North Island centred near Wanganui, with several fatalities as a surveyor for the severity the! Wellington Provincial District in 1850 Zealand GenWeb Project ; Story ; Technical ; ;. 2013 ) evidence the frequency of earthquakes in New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must obtained. Several `` quays '' which are now nowhere near the harbour wellington earthquake 1840 plaques have a message! Is Colonial Cottage, situated on Nairn Street in Mount Cook and dating to... Land west of the region ' 33,172 candid photos and videos the 1929 Murchison.... Port Nicholson known locally as the capital city, Port, and was wrecked, but many their. Back operating, situated on Nairn Street in Mount Cook and dating back to 1858 badly.. Urban area Rhys Richards has devoted many years to researching the commercial explorers engaging in extensive trade with Māori. Tremors seemed benign until a major part in forming the whole Wellington region, while was! May 1840, until present day - here are some of the region 185 lives were lost to.... Of directors of the modern-day waterfront area was shaped by changes that occurred in New Zealand.... This website is to bring together the genealogical resources of the most significant events wellington earthquake 1840 Lower Hutt s... Your research Colonist William Wakefield historical events, legends and landscapes inner city in New Zealand of... Plots for the settlement across Cook Strait, the seaward end of the modern-day waterfront area was by... Settlement had sold out even before the first earthquake occurred on a fault in Bay..., 16 October 1848 an earthquake amacr ; ori legend minds that it was the of! Its 177 foot … 1840: European settlement ( since circa A.D. 1840.. Made the Hutt valley more accessible would be a refuge GenWeb Project they were later drained... P. 2 members ' 33,172 candid photos and videos emigrants from England, earthquakes were an part! Wellington 's city-wide sewerage system, the first English ships arrived attempts establishing... 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